Description: Define the proper
substitution of a class for a set.
When is a proper class, our definition evaluates
to false. This is
somewhat arbitrary: we could have, instead, chosen the conclusion of
sbc63238 for our definition, which always evaluates to
true for proper
Our definition also does not produce the same results as discussed in the
proof of Theorem 6.6 of [Quine] p. 42
(although Theorem 6.6 itself does
hold, as shown by dfsbcq3214 below). For example, if is a proper
class, Quine's substitution of for in evaluates to
rather than our falsehood. (This can be seen by substituting
, , and for alpha, beta, and gamma in Subcase 1 of
Quine's discussion on p. 42.) Unfortunately, Quine's definition requires
a recursive syntactical breakdown of , and it does not seem
possible to express it with a single closed formula.
If we did not want to commit to any specific proper class behavior, we
could use this definition only to prove theorem dfsbcq3214, which holds
for both our definition and Quine's, and from which we can derive a weaker
version of df-sbc3213 in the form of sbc8g3219. However, the behavior of
Quine's definition at proper classes is similarly arbitrary, and for
practical reasons (to avoid having to prove sethood of in every use
of this definition) we allow direct reference to df-sbc3213 and assert that
is always false when is a proper class.
The theorem sbc2or3220 shows the apparently "strongest"
statement we can
make regarding behavior at proper classes if we start from dfsbcq3214.
The related definition df-csb3314 defines proper substitution into a class
variable (as opposed to a wff variable). (Contributed by NM,
14-Apr-1995.) (Revised by NM, 25-Dec-2016.)